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Precios Alimentos Histórico

06/08/2015 06:40 0 Comentarios Lectura: ( palabras)

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Los precios globales de los alimentos cayeron en julio a su nivel más bajo en casi seis años gracias a una baja en los costos de los lácteos y del aceite vegetal, informó este jueves la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (FAO).

El índice de precios de la FAO, que mide cambios mensuales para una canasta de cereales, oleaginosas, lácteos, carne y azúcar, promedió 164.6 puntos en julio, una baja de 1%, o 1.7 puntos, respecto a junio.

La lectura de julio fue la más baja para el índice desde septiembre de 2009.

El Índice De Precios De Los Alimentos está conformado por el promedio de cinco índices de precios de grupos de productos (Índice de Precios de Carnes, Índice de Precios de Productos Lácteos, índice de Precios de Cereales, Índice de Precios de Petróleo y Grasas y el Índice de Precios del Azúcar), ponderados por las cuotas medias de exportación de cada uno de los grupos para el período 2002-2004.

La Organización considera un total de 55 productos denominados como básicos que bajo su criterio representan los precios internacionales de los productos alimentarios.

Fuente: Elaboración Propia con datos de la FAO

En la gráfica anterior se observa el índice de Precios de los Alimentos (Food Price Index en inglés) para el periodo comprendido entre el enero del 1990 a julio del 2015 que es calculada por la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la Alimentación (FAO).

Si trazamos una curva de tendencia lineal sobre el gráfico podemos observar que el comportamiento general, a largo plazo de la serie presenta una tendencia creciente con un Coeficiente de determinación (R2) de 0.8074, es decir, la curva de tendencia se ajusta en un 80 por ciento al comportamiento de los precios de los alimentos para el periodo de referencia.

FechaÍndice de precios de alimentosCarneProductos LácteosCerealesAceites VegetalesAzúcar 1/1990108,7112,394,3106,473,0201,5 2/1990109,9117,791,9104,072,5207,9 3/1990107,9119,673,6102,174,6218,0 4/1990114,2131,085,2105,171,8216,3 5/1990111,2130,570,0105,374,4207,2 6/1990109,3132,770,0103,171,7184,0 7/1990106,0131,370,096,871,6170,1 8/1990103,3130,066,193,574,2155,1 9/1990104,4136,968,487,273,2157,1 10/1990103,1134,769,888,574,6139,3 11/1990102,6130,970,887,778,6142,9 12/1990105,4134,480,288,080,5138,2 1/1991104,0130,083,789,880,3124,9 2/1991105,9136,283,391,278,6120,8 3/1991105,0130,281,594,279,1129,7 4/1991101,9125,976,495,276,4120,8 5/1991100,8127,574,994,075,5107,6 6/1991102,4126,776,893,275,8130,6 7/1991102,8126,971,592,378,7146,3 8/1991103,1125,473,896,480,1134,2 9/1991105,1128,180,597,179,4131,8 10/1991108,8131,486,6100,884,0129,4 11/1991109,9134,090,1100,984,8122,9 12/1991110,4131,590,1104,086,1127,7 1/1992110,2129,393,1106,287,0118,1 2/1992111,4132,293,1109,485,2111,3 3/1992111,0129,192,3109,488,2116,6 4/1992109,9126,592,3104,587,8134,2 5/1992110,1125,996,1103,088,1136,1 6/1992112,5127,9101,3102,289,3147,0 7/1992110,5127,1102,297,884,4146,3 8/1992108,3127,9100,093,082,5139,5 9/1992108,3124,6102,996,584,5132,1 10/1992106,4123,897,096,584,5123,6 11/1992107,7127,094,597,887,3121,6 12/1992103,9119,093,797,085,7115,7 1/1993105,4122,193,597,687,1116,9 2/1993105,6121,994,796,587,4121,5 3/1993107,4122,393,696,485,7150,7 4/1993106,4119,592,195,585,1158,2 5/1993106,6121,990,992,483,6167,9 6/1993104,8124,490,888,182,7147,4 7/1993105,0123,687,493,286,4137,4 8/1993102,6118,584,394,785,1132,5 9/1993102,7118,579,597,684,8135,4 10/1993103,8118,972,6102,983,8146,0 11/1993106,9119,173,1111,490,6143,6 12/1993108,6115,074,2114,7102,6149,3 1/1994108,7112,880,4114,1103,3146,2 2/1994108,1113,680,3111,798,2153,5 3/1994107,7112,281,1107,199,7166,6 4/1994105,4111,974,4104,2103,4156,2 5/1994108,3117,374,4102,9109,9164,3 6/1994107,8113,679,0100,3110,7171,0 7/1994105,2113,079,893,2108,5167,0 8/1994108,5115,481,495,2118,3171,7 9/1994112,7114,787,7100,1130,0178,7 10/1994113,9115,291,5102,2127,4180,9 11/1994118,9120,193,2101,2142,6197,8 12/1994118,7113,996,6103,5142,7208,2 1/1995119,4115,1104,1103,9133,3209,4 2/1995122,1122,2108,8103,1133,4204,5 3/1995124,6126,4112,2102,6135,7207,0 4/1995120,8122,5110,2103,5125,4194,4 5/1995120,9121,0109,6107,7123,4191,9 6/1995122,8118,4109,7113,7128,9198,9 7/1995128,3125,2113,4121,9134,2192,8 8/1995127,0126,0115,8119,6128,2184,2 9/1995127,6129,3116,4124,6123,3165,9 10/1995130,7129,7117,2131,3129,0168,0 11/1995130,1128,0117,2131,7127,5170,0 12/1995129,0123,6116,4135,3122,0174,7 1/1996131,0130,7116,1136,7114,6177,8 2/1996131,7130,6115,3140,3111,6181,8 3/1996133,1134,5111,6142,8110,9183,2 4/1996135,6130,8110,7156,5119,4170,0 5/1996138,6136,7107,2164,3119,4161,6 6/1996135,9136,6107,1155,3112,5172,7 7/1996134,6136,8107,2150,0108,1181,8 8/1996134,3142,1106,0142,1112,6175,5 9/1996129,5142,4105,7124,2116,0169,1 10/1996124,9137,2106,7118,3112,2157,8 11/1996121,8134,4105,0112,2113,7152,1 12/1996121,9133,6106,2112,7114,1152,4 1/1997119,8126,6107,8112,7115,2151,7 2/1997121,2129,2107,3113,6116,5153,4 3/1997124,1135,0106,4117,1114,4157,7 4/1997124,9136,6105,3117,8115,2160,4 5/1997124,1137,7104,3114,4115,5158,1 6/1997119,9131,5103,9108,2111,8162,2 7/1997117,1130,0103,4103,7106,2159,2 8/1997118,6129,1102,4109,0106,4166,0 9/1997118,4127,2105,3108,3110,5160,8 10/1997119,3123,7108,7109,7117,7161,9 11/1997120,1123,2110,0107,5123,8170,5 12/1997116,6114,1110,0106,0121,5175,0 1/1998115,0110,6109,9104,8127,3163,9 2/1998114,1110,7106,5104,7131,0152,1 3/1998113,5111,5103,2105,2134,9139,6 4/1998112,4111,5102,1101,4137,2137,5 5/1998111,1108,1100,3100,4143,3131,0 6/1998108,4110,698,298,6131,9114,9 7/1998107,3107,398,796,0133,2122,6 8/1998104,7104,898,890,3132,8120,3 9/1998103,3105,296,089,9135,6102,6 10/1998104,5104,293,296,2135,7105,9 11/1998104,3101,492,897,3135,4114,4 12/1998104,0102,893,595,3132,1114,6 1/1999102,3100,693,095,9124,7115,1 2/199997,8100,591,392,4110,996,8 3/199995,4100,689,192,8101,085,4 4/199993,398,484,690,7105,176,9 5/199992,598,783,889,1100,981,6 6/199991,9100,183,089,989,385,6 7/199989,1101,081,786,879,276,3 8/199992,0103,682,389,385,481,6 9/199992,7101,683,788,888,394,6 10/199991,599,884,586,586,596,1 11/199990,8100,085,585,684,092,2 12/199988,797,286,883,881,185,3 1/200087,892,989,086,679,579,6 2/200088,797,688,387,775,875,1 3/200089,099,387,786,677,772,9 4/200089,596,688,187,280,285,4 5/200089,997,588,687,772,298,1 6/200091,498,393,185,269,3118,8 7/200092,298,097,281,369,0136,7 8/200091,995,798,480,267,2148,1 9/200091,494,5101,182,362,0142,3 10/200093,394,4103,686,559,0152,5 11/200093,294,8103,687,860,9140,9 12/200095,398,4104,490,261,2142,2 1/200193,292,3103,590,359,7146,5 2/200194,198,7103,088,757,1140,1 3/200195,4103,2103,687,960,8131,6 4/200193,6102,1102,685,660,2124,1 5/200195,8104,6106,885,957,6136,0 6/200195,0102,3108,284,961,5128,3 7/200197,4101,7109,287,875,5124,8 8/200196,7101,5108,386,979,6115,1 9/200194,9101,6107,586,171,8108,4 10/200192,999,8109,085,068,296,4 11/200193,697,4105,686,275,2108,9 12/200192,896,099,186,678,7111,1 1/200290,693,992,686,777,0110,5 2/200288,293,191,884,974,792,9 3/200288,596,387,684,274,595,0 4/200286,692,084,982,777,297,7 5/200285,189,978,084,981,686,2 6/200286,391,275,387,388,481,6 7/200287,990,772,692,689,390,6 8/200289,288,171,699,294,789,3 9/200292,287,774,0108,890,498,8 10/200292,685,476,0108,193,9106,6 11/200294,386,479,9105,1102,1111,1 12/200293,984,586,3100,0105,1112,8 1/200394,386,489,897,6102,5116,2 2/200396,088,392,398,099,7127,7 3/200394,588,993,396,295,0116,8 4/200393,989,891,595,795,3110,0 5/200395,191,991,798,497,7101,7 6/200394,892,691,897,399,195,4 7/200395,697,893,494,494,497,1 8/200397,299,094,699,192,096,9 9/200399,5104,298,099,996,284,9 10/2003101,8103,4102,1100,3109,284,6 11/2003104,2104,5103,7105,5111,286,3 12/2003105,7103,8105,6107,9115,489,2 1/2004108,0109,2107,4110,3114,882,4 2/2004109,7106,9112,5112,3122,682,9 3/2004113,9112,8114,3116,0124,191,6 4/2004114,3111,0115,9118,4123,893,3 5/2004112,8109,2119,7116,5118,190,0 6/2004114,5118,1125,0111,6106,198,3 7/2004113,6118,6128,8101,9104,9112,3 8/2004112,4117,5129,399,5106,0107,5 9/2004112,9117,6130,299,7106,8109,1 10/2004112,3115,2131,198,4104,9119,9 11/2004113,7116,9133,599,9106,6115,8 12/2004113,8117,0134,0100,6104,8117,1 1/2005114,0117,4134,3101,1100,2123,7 2/2005113,6117,0133,799,998,6129,2 3/2005116,5120,4134,4102,6106,5126,0 4/2005114,6119,8133,499,2104,0121,9 5/2005116,1125,1134,598,1102,4121,8 6/2005117,9127,3134,399,8103,4128,4 7/2005118,3125,1135,3101,6102,9136,8 8/2005118,1125,2136,9100,099,8141,0 9/2005120,1127,4137,6101,9101,6146,3 10/2005122,2127,2137,4104,4106,7157,8 11/2005121,0126,1136,3102,0104,6161,5 12/2005122,9126,1134,7104,6101,2189,4 1/2006122,1117,8130,8105,2101,9223,5 2/2006125,5117,3130,6109,0104,0254,6 3/2006122,9113,6128,9108,0104,0244,7 4/2006123,8114,9126,6109,6105,7248,2 5/2006125,2116,6126,4113,5108,4238,7 6/2006125,0120,6126,2113,3108,2218,5 7/2006128,0122,9126,4116,8112,9227,8 8/2006127,2127,6125,6115,6117,6190,9 9/2006127,0128,1126,3120,3114,4171,5 10/2006129,7125,8129,0132,4116,3165,2 11/2006133,8123,5134,3141,9125,7167,1 12/2006135,6121,8144,6141,1133,3164,2 1/2007134,7119,4148,6141,2132,4155,4 2/2007137,5120,5155,2146,4134,1150,0 3/2007139,2121,8163,0145,2136,8148,1 4/2007143,5124,8182,2141,0150,0137,9 5/2007148,2128,6189,5144,0161,5133,8 6/2007157,5132,3218,2152,2168,9131,8 7/2007164,6134,1244,4153,4174,5144,3 8/2007170,6136,6257,0162,7180,3139,1 9/2007179,4139,0266,0182,4187,9138,4 10/2007182,3135,0268,5190,3199,4141,9 11/2007187,8140,0271,7192,3217,8143,3 12/2007191,6137,7265,1210,0220,6152,0 1/2008201,5143,3256,7227,6245,0170,0 2/2008216,2144,3254,8263,7269,6191,7 3/2008219,8149,1252,3267,5282,1187,3 4/2008217,4153,5246,8264,4271,0178,2 5/2008218,2162,9244,8256,3275,1171,3 6/2008225,8171,0246,6267,7284,9172,1 7/2008222,4176,4244,8250,3266,7201,9 8/2008210,5179,2229,8233,6221,6207,3 9/2008198,7179,7205,3220,7198,3192,0 10/2008174,6170,1185,8186,7150,7168,9 11/2008160,1156,0161,7174,7133,1171,7 12/2008151,2142,5147,3172,6127,5166,7 1/2009148,7133,5128,3180,8134,3177,5 2/2009143,0125,0120,0174,0132,8187,7 3/2009145,7131,2122,4174,2131,8190,2 4/2009150,4134,8123,1175,8151,3193,7 5/2009160,6142,0129,5181,2171,5227,8 6/2009161,0145,8130,7179,8162,7233,1 7/2009158,0148,5134,0163,8146,1261,5 8/2009164,1150,5137,6160,1159,1318,4 9/2009164,1149,0151,6154,4151,4326,9 10/2009167,9144,9167,4163,6154,8321,3 11/2009179,7147,5216,6168,6165,0315,9 12/2009180,9142,5222,2166,7173,4334,0 1/2010182,8147,7207,1166,0173,0375,5 2/2010179,4148,9198,8161,0173,4360,8 3/2010170,9151,0191,9154,4178,6264,8 4/2010172,2156,2207,2151,7176,9233,4 5/2010172,0156,9213,5152,5173,3215,7 6/2010170,2157,0207,2148,4171,8224,9 7/2010176,0158,8204,7159,5178,9247,4 8/2010186,0160,9201,6182,1197,5262,7 9/2010196,6159,1205,0204,0202,8318,1 10/2010208,3163,6211,8217,2225,6349,3 11/2010216,1168,3215,0220,1248,5373,4 12/2010225,2170,6215,1233,8268,9398,4 1/2011232,7170,4227,0240,8284,0420,2 2/2011240,1174,0239,9254,6286,5418,2 3/2011234,6179,2245,3246,9265,4372,3 4/2011238,0186,9238,0261,3265,2345,7 5/2011234,7187,2239,9256,8264,7312,2 6/2011235,2185,2240,4250,6261,0357,7 7/2011233,4184,4237,1239,6253,4400,4 8/2011232,4184,8230,5244,8246,4393,7 9/2011227,7185,5224,1237,9240,0379,0 10/2011218,4184,6214,2223,9223,7361,2 11/2011218,9189,7209,5222,1235,4339,9 12/2011213,3187,8207,6211,9228,1326,9 1/2012214,7181,4211,3217,7235,0334,3 2/2012217,2184,2207,1220,9240,8342,3 3/2012217,0183,7200,3221,9247,4341,9 4/2012213,9185,0187,9218,6253,4324,0 5/2012205,0180,0178,4216,2233,4294,6 6/2012200,6174,0176,2217,0219,2290,4 7/2012213,0172,4176,3253,0224,4324,3 8/2012213,8177,7181,7253,6223,6296,2 9/2012217,8184,5195,4255,4221,4283,7 10/2012217,1187,2201,0254,3201,9288,2 11/2012215,6186,5202,8255,2195,8274,5 12/2012213,8187,2204,9249,1190,7274,0 1/2013212,9184,3208,5244,0200,3267,8 2/2013212,6186,4209,7241,1201,8259,2 3/2013214,8185,2228,8240,5196,7262,0 4/2013216,9186,6258,8230,7194,0252,6 5/2013214,6180,0253,5234,8194,3250,1 6/2013211,9179,7246,2232,3193,5242,6 7/2013207,5179,4243,6222,3186,7239,0 8/2013204,5182,4247,6206,8181,8241,7 9/2013203,7186,1250,2195,0184,3246,5 10/2013206,6187,3251,1196,6188,0264,8 11/2013205,7185,7250,8194,3198,5250,6 12/2013206,2185,6264,1192,9196,0234,9 1/2014203,2182,2267,7191,4188,6221,7 2/2014208,6181,8275,4198,6197,8235,4 3/2014213,8185,5268,5208,9204,8254,0 4/2014211,5190,4251,5209,2199,0249,9 5/2014210,4194,6238,9207,0195,3259,3 6/2014208,9202,8236,5196,1188,8258,0 7/2014204,3205,9226,1185,2181,1259,1 8/2014198,3212,0200,8182,5166,6244,3 9/2014192,7211,0187,8178,2162,0228,1 10/2014192,7210,2184,3178,3163,7237,6 11/2014191,3206,4178,1183,2164,9229,7 12/2014185,8196,4174,0183,9160,7217,5 1/2015178,9183,5173,8177,4156,0217,7 2/2015175,8176,9181,8171,7156,6207,1 3/2015171,5170,4184,9169,8151,7187,9 4/2015168,4170,8172,4167,2150,2185,5 5/2015167,2172,6167,5160,8154,1189,3 6/2015166,4173,6160,5163,2156,2176,8 7/2015164,6174,1149,1166,5147,6181,2

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